In the commercial heart of the city, ultra-modern buildings, hotels, smart restaurants, Museums, Art galleries and boutiques rub shoulders comfortably with traditional coffee shops and tiny artisans' workshops. Everywhere there is evidence of the city's much older past.
Amman and its Citadel (Jabal al-Qal'a) is considered one of the most ancient sites of continuous human occupation in the world. Occupied as early as the Neolithic period and fortified during the Bronze Age, successively ruled by Assyrians. Babylonians, the Ptolemies (ancient Philadelphia), the Seleucids, the Nabateans, Romans, Byzantines, the Umayyad, and the Ottomans
Amman Archaeological Museum;
Located at Amman Citadel, artifacts from all the archaeological sites in Jordan, a collection represents ancient items like pottery, glass, flint and metal tools, as well as materials and inscriptions, statuaries, it also houses several coins collections dated back from the Paleolithic era to the Islamic Era (AD 636 – 750), and the present.
The Great Temple of Hercules;
Also known as the Great Temple of Amman, an unfinished structure built during the time of emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180 CE), it is believed that this temple is larger than any temple in Rome itself, built as part of the Roman city of Philadelphia that became part of the Decapolis , was expanded to seven hills (like Rom).
The Byzantine Church;
Ruins of this church is date to the time when Philadelphia became the seat of a Christian bishop, Christianity became the official religion of the Eastern Roman Empire. The basilica and some ancient mosaic was located within the site, the two rows of columns indicating the nave is the only surviving structure after it was destroyed along with other part of the Citadel.
The Umayyad Palace complex;
Built during the reign of Hisham the Umayyad Khalipha, between 724 and 743 A.D. and served as the regional administrative center. A residential palace consist buildings organized around a courtyard, colonnaded street, suites and residential rooms, a mosque, a palace bath and cistern, the complex was destroyed by several earthquakes and natural disasters.
Amman and Downtown
Al Hussein National Park;
A new public park, situated on a hilltop in west of Amman with gardens, forest areas, stairs, soft landscaping and other cultural and recreational facilities and sites. Including King Hussein Bin Talal Mosque the largest mosque in Amman, the Royal Auto Museum, and the Children's Museum, a Cultural Village and the wall of Historical Passageway (an artistic interpretation of Jordan’s history).
The Roman Philadelphia;
When Philadelphia came under control of the Romans, the Roman general Pompey made it part of the Decapolis League and rebuilt the city. Located in (Wadi Amman), below the Acropolis, containing gardens, public fountains, and theatre complexes and forums, then expanded over seven hills, and connected to other cities in the province via the 'Via Nova Traiana' road linking Aqaba with Damascus.
Al Husseiny Mosque;
Amman Grand Mosque, it was built in 1924 by King Abdullah I, one of the architectural landmarks of the city, located at the same site of the first mosque that ever built at the heart of Amman downtown, with its Ottoman style placing an old and ancient mosque originally built by Omar Ibn Al-Khattab The second Kalefah.
King Abdullah Mosque;
King Abdullah I Mosque Built by the late King Hussein as a memorial to his Grandfather, The Second largest mosque in Amman, located at Al-Abdali district, it is has two small museums within the mosque, one dedicated to the royal family with photographs of His Majesty King Abdullah I. The other one is an Islamic Museum with a collection pottery and stone engravings.
Amman - Hejaz Railway Station; Amman Train station is part of the Hejaz-Jordan Railway which was the principal railroads and stations of the Ottoman Turkish Empire connecting Damascus to Meccabuilt, built between 1900 – 1908. An open-air museum of architecture and preserved Railway materials, old locomotives models and pieces of old equipment, also the Amman Railway Museum is located at the station.
Abu Darweesh Mosque;
One of the oldest mosques in Amman, located at Jabal Al-Ashrafiyeh one of Amman's original seven hills, it was built in 1961, named by the man who built it by his own hand and expenses without the others help.
Ain Ghazal Archeological Site;
One of the largest known prehistoric settlements in the area dating to the pre-pottery Neolithic, located at banks of the Zarqa River at Amman. a rare anthropomorphic pottery coffins, plaster statues and busts dated back to the 14 - 7 century B.C. indicating ancient burial practices was discovered at the site,now exhibited at Jordan Archeological Museum at the University of Jordan.
Kahf Ahl Al Kahf;
Cave of the Seven Sleepers, one of the few historical and holly places on Earth, located at Al Rajeeb 10 KM east Amman. During the time of Prophet Mohammad, the story of unknown number of sleepers mentioned in Al Qur'an Al Kareem and in Christianity and Judaism. As confirmed in the Holy Quran, they had slept for 309 years - during which the calendar of their people changed from solar to lunar.
The old Souq is located in Wadi Amman (Wasat El Balad), a130-year old historic valley along the sides of the seven hills of old Amman. Streets of the downtown with everything from a fruit market to spices, souvenirs and craft shops, plus a wide variety of choices, Middle Eastern souq a place were you could feel the bustle, with the aroma of an old city of Amman.
Popular Luxury shopping districts with all the international brand names, a commercial street with a special atmosphere that offers the latest trends in fashion and modern western stores, located in Sweifiyeh, the western and modern part of Amman city, it offers an exciting experience for Shopping in one of Amman's pedestrian public space.
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